Dental prophylaxis – the simplest and cheapest method of treatment. The prophylaxis prevents the dental and periodontal disease, averting the appearance of complications.
Dental prophylaxis is treated with:
Oral hygiene – the most important method of prevention, in the sense that without proper oral hygiene all other methods of prophylaxis do not have meaning. It has the purpose of removing plaque. There is performed at the dental office.
Professional brushing – is done at the dental cabinet. It is a dental brushing which is done using a mechanical instrument that is designed to remove plaque. It is very efficient, but it has one big disadvantage: it can only be done at the dental cabinet only. Plaque is deposited after every meal; therefore, mechanical brushing must be accompanied by a proper oral hygiene.
Scaling – is the labor of removing dental scale. Since plaque is formed by dental plaque calcification, it contains a large amount of microbes. Scaling is performed at the dental cabinet and is painless. It is done using special instruments based on ultrasounds. Ideally, its frequency is 2 times per year.
Detecting and treating early caries – the efficient method of prophylaxis because it prevents the evolution of caries and the complications. Small cavities are easy and relatively inexpensive to treat. Once complications arise due to the evolution of caries, treatment is both more complicated and more expensive.
!!! Most of these methods are applied in the dental cabinet within periodical examination. Therefore, a periodic control can be also considered a very efficient method of profilaxy